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What is the most beginner-friendly digital camera that offers great image quality, ease of use, and affordability for someone starting out in photography as a hobby?

The term "megapixel" was coined by the Kodak company in 1980, derived from "million pixels." A 12-megapixel camera captures 12 million pixels per image.

Camera sensor size is crucial for image quality.

A full-frame sensor is equivalent to 35mm film, while APS-C sensors are smaller, affecting image quality and low-light performance.

ISO settings originated from film sensitivity; lower ISO means less sensitivity, while higher ISO means more sensitivity to light.

The "bokeh" effect, where the background blur creates a creamy, artistic effect, is due to the camera's aperture and lens design.

Autofocus systems use phase detection, contrast detection, or a combination of both to quickly and accurately focus on subjects.

Optical image stabilization (OIS) in lenses helps reduce camera shake and blur by moving the lens elements to counteract movement.

RAW image files contain data from the camera's sensor, while JPEG files are processed and compressed versions of the image.

The "crop factor" of a camera refers to the ratio of the camera's sensor size to a full-frame sensor, affecting the lens's field of view.

DSLR (Digital Single-Lens Reflex) cameras use a mirror and prism system to view the scene, while mirrorless cameras use an electronic viewfinder or LCD screen.

Focal length, measured in millimeters, determines the angle of view and level of zoom.

A lower focal length means a wider angle, while a higher focal length means more zoom.

Chromatic aberration, a common optical issue, occurs when different wavelengths of light focus at different points, causing color fringing.

The "exposure triangle" of aperture, shutter speed, and ISO settings work together to control the amount of light in an image.

A camera's burst mode, or continuous shooting mode, allows for rapid-fire captures, often limited by buffer capacity.

Image stabilization can be achieved via lens-based OIS, camera body-based stabilization, or a combination of both.

The "depth of field" refers to the area in focus in front of and behind the subject, controlled by aperture and lens design.

Digital cameras often use a "demosaicing" algorithm to interpolate missing color values for each pixel, as most cameras capture only one color per pixel.

Lens diffraction, which occurs at high f-stops, can soften the image and reduce optical quality.

Long exposures, often used for nightscapes or light trails, require a camera with bulb mode or a remote shutter release.

Focus stacking, commonly used in macro and micro photography, involves combining multiple images with different focus points to achieve a larger depth of field.

Moiré patterns, often appearing as distracting patterns or colors, can be minimized using a camera's built-in moiré reduction feature or specialized software.

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